causes of deforestation pdf

causes of deforestation pdf

Forest land restoration requires data related to the number of seedlings produced and the level of soil degradation. Unlike most previous studies on the deforestation-poverty link, the empirical analysis in this study utilizes a data set combining spatial data on forest cover and physiogeographic factors from satellite imagery with socio-economic panel data from several national surveys. La déforestation reste l’une des causes principales de l’apparition de nouveaux agents infectieux et leur circulation épidémique dans les populations humaines. The conversion of forests into agricultural plantations is a major cause of deforestation. Using annual data from 1972 to 2018, the short and long-run elasticity estimates from the Autoregressive Distributed Lag-Error Correction Modeling approach provide statistical support to the non-linear inverted-U shaped association between economic growth and deforestation practices; thus, validating the deforestation-induced Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in Bangladesh. Deforestation … However, agricultural production is one of the major drivers of climate change, implying that farmers are both victims and drivers of climate change. Fo93-1/3-2008E-PDF Area deforested for agricultural purposes near Quyon, Quebec. Here we present updated information on the distribution and conservation status of forest elephant in Côte d'Ivoire based on multiple sources-dung counts on line transects, records of human-elephant conflict, media reports, sign and interview surveys-obtained during the period 2011-2017. The obvious causes of desertification and deforestation consist of major ecosystem changes, such as land conversion for various purposes, over-dependence on natural resources and several forms of unsustainable land use. La déforestation menace ainsi le plus grand réservoir mondial de biodiversité, et touche lourdement les populations autochtones, dont la culture est en voie de disparition. Poorer districts - those with a higher percentage of poor people - tend to deforest less. The rising population has set an alarming situation for the modern climate situation. PDF. Natural factors include natural forest fires or parasite-caused diseases which can result in deforestation. The adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) remains low in sub-Saharan Africa, despite its promotion as a sustainable production system for mitigating agriculture’s contribution to climate change, as well as for helping farmers adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. This situation is a constant security threat to the lives of the people of both the countries. The Classification was based on Anderson scheme of land use/cover for change detection between 1984 and 2017. However, there is no up-to-date information on the dynamics of forest cover in Shasha Forest Reserve. To assess the restoration potential of conifer forests and reduce land degradation by Germplasm Movement Zones (GMZ), priority zones for restoration were compared with areas that po ssess most effective restoration efforts: survival rate of planted seedlings, number of nurseries (N), Germplasm Production Units (GPU) and Germplasm Banks (GB) with data from Conafor corresponding to the 2016-2018 period. So, the herpetofauna are used as indicators to monitor health of ecosystem. 1 Deforestation: Causes, Effects and Control Strategies Sumit Chakravarty 1, S. K. Ghosh 2, C. P. Suresh 2, A. N. Dey 1 and Gopal Shukla 3 1Department of Forestry 2Pomology & Post Harvest Technology, Faculty of Horticulture Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari 3ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Research … Plusieurs causes directes expliqueraient la déforestation et la dégradation forestière : l’agriculture itinérante, la collecte du bois énergie, l’exploitation minière, l’exploitation forestière, le développement des infrastructures. In the following, the causes, effects as well as solutions to the deforestation problem will be examined. The elasticity estimates also reveal that energy consumption promotes deforestation activities in the long-run only. Three recent estimates of the rate of deforestation … The viability of these populations is uncertain, since they have a small size and are isolated. At the same time there is a large number of automated decryption algo-rithms that are actively used and provide an acceptable result in photointerpretation of medium and low spatial resolution multi-zone images. According to the variables used in the comparative analysis, eight GMZ (XII.4, XII.5, X.3, X.2, XII.1, V.3, XII.2, and XV.1) were identified as restoration potential zones because their priority areas could be totally reforested by using Pinus and Abies species. Causes for Deforestation: 1. b) Good Agricultural Practices will be developed for these selected important plants. Digital Herberium, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The causes of deforestation are very complex. Some natural causes of deforestation … Deforestation and forest degradation in the Congo Basin: State of knowledge, current causes and perspectives. Therefore, this study aimed at assessing forest cover changes using remote sensing in Shasha Forest Reserve. Forest land is frequently cleared and transformed into agricultural land in order to keep up with the ever-increasing demand for food (which can, in turn, be linked to overpopulation). Generation of grazing land for cattle … Elles atteignent par exemple une moyenne annuelle de 44 762 ha au Cameroun. Elle est aussi un facteur de fragmentation écopaysagère qui diminue la résilience écologique des forêts. Gopal Shukla. Nevertheless, human activities are among the main causes of global deforestation. Biomass and carbon sequestration in various forest of Sub-Humid tropics of West Bengal, India. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. PAs with higher level of protection have higher probability to be home of elephant population. Extreme weather conditions like floods, droughts, heavy rain falls, cyclones and storms are responsible for the adverse climate situation in the region as well. amarendra dey. Each year forests the size of Panama are lost. Deforestation and its causes - definition . Based on dung count elephant presence was confirmed in only 4 of the 25 protected areas surveyed. Production of Quality Planting Materials of some important Medicinal Plants through Identification, Multiplication, Supply of Healthy Elite Genotypes and Capacity Building Programme for Improving Rural Livelihood in Northern Part of West Bengal, Standardization of Agrotechnology and mass multiplication for production of quality seedlings of Woodfordia fructicosa, Sida cordifoliaand Desmodium gangeticum, Collection, conservation, digitization and standardization of protocol for mass regeneration of selected endangered, rare and vulnerable medicinal plants of north east region. Multiple factors, either of human or natural origin, cause deforestation. • The causes attributed to deforestation are multivariate in nature, interrelated and differ at local, national as well as regional scale. Deforestation occurs around the world, though tropical rainforests are particularly targeted. De acuerdo con las variables utilizadas en el análisis comparativo, se identificaron ocho ZMG (XII.4, XII.5, X.3, X.2, XII.1, V.3, XII.2 y XV.1) como zonas de mayor potencial para la restauración, debido a que sus áreas prioritarias podrían ser reforestadas totalmente con especies de Pinus y Abies. Proposed technique is based on a complex use of methods for controlled classification and identification of objects in the image by areal images. gion-wise for these plants. In India, we have … Process: Besides, depletion of forests also results in an escalation of human-wildlife conflict. Create a free account to download. The causes for such a discrepancy were identified in the survey. When the land is suitable for tree crops, the incentives are obviously higher for forests to be cleared for establishment of cash crops such as oil palm. In this modern era the world experiences such drastic climate changes which are responsible for human and natural destruction. D’abord liée à l’exploitation du bois et des mines, la déforestation s’est considérablement accrue à partir des années 1960, en lien avec la culture de soja … Selon une étude, 40% de la population mondiale vit dans des régions touchées par le paludisme. Para evaluar el potencial de restauración de los bosques de coníferas y reducir la degradación de tierra en Zonas de Movimiento de Germoplasma (ZMG), se compararon zonas prioritarias para la restauración con los esfuerzos de reforestación más efectivos: porcentaje de sobrevivencia de plántulas plantadas, número de viveros (N), unidades de producción de germoplasma (UPG) y bancos de germoplasma (BG); para ello, se usó la base de datos de la Conafor correspondiente al periodo de 2016 a 2018. La restauración de tierras forestales requiere datos relacionados con el número de plántulas producidas y el nivel de degradación del suelo. Countries with significant deforestation in 2016 included Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand, the Demo… Essay on Deforestation: Causes and Effects – Essay 7 (750 Words) Introduction: Deforestation is also known as clearing or clearance of trees. The increase in global demand for commodities, such as palm oil and soybeans, are driving industrial-scale producers to clear forests at an alarming rate. It can be said to mean removal of strands of trees or forests and the conversion of such area of land to a use that is totally non-forest in nature. Deforestation causes can either be direct or indirect. d) Confidence level, Awareness, Know –how regarding MAPs will be increased. The major causes of deforestation is rapid population growth, which leads to an increase in the demand for crop and grazing land, wood for fuel and construction [2]. Some of the major causes of deforestation are – Deforestation due to population growth To survey and identify plus trees for seed & plant materials collection All rights reserved. In the Indonesian context it is the land that is most suitable for tree crops that is most vulnerable to deforestation. Agriculture is the leading cause of deforestation. a) Cost-effective agro- technique will be standardized. Challenges of Integration the Policies and Measures in the National and Local Strategy of Reducing E... Policies to control tropical deforestation: trade interventions versus transfers, In book: Global Perspectives on Sustainable Forest Management. Though authors’ main objective was to find out what factors A forced deforestation, they emphasized only two factors (population growth and shifting cultivation). It was concluded that these factors have to be considered when designing policies to promote CSA towards the achievement of sustainable livelihoods among farm households in Nigeria. Presently, the current task is to automate the determination of the characteristics of forest areas ac-cording to remote sensing data. The future pattern of forest cover changes for 2034 was forecast using the Multi-Layer Perception (MLP) Markov chain model in IDRISI. Free PDF . Study revealed that, population growth and shifting cultivation are primary cause of deforestation. Deforestation: Causes, Effects and Control Strategies. Premium PDF Package. Deforestation increases until a certain wealth level is reached and then declines. For most districts, increased wealth, other things being equal, will initially increase deforestation. Download PDF Package. Various reasons lead to deforestation. Global_Perspectives_on_Sustainable_Forest_Mana, Global_Perspectives_on_Sustainable_Forest_Management.pdf, All content in this area was uploaded by Gopal Shukla on Jun 18, 2014, All content in this area was uploaded by Gopal Shukla on Jun 17, 2014, ... Around the world, there are several causes identified as the main drivers of deforestation: expansion of agricultural land, logging and firewood extraction, overgrazing, fires, mining, urbanization, military conflicts and tourism, ... All of these must be addressed by each country in order to reduce their impacts. 3. Deforestation means clearing the forest or stands of trees, and using that land for other purposes. Déforestation et dégradation des forêts dans le Bassin du Congo : État des lieux, causes actuelles … Causes of Deforestation: Lessons from Economic Models Arild Angelsen David Kaimowitz This article, which synthesizes the results of more than 140 economic models analyzing the causes of tropical deforestation, raises significant doubts about many conventional hypotheses in the debate about deforestation. The result of the work done has shown, in the opinion of the authors, a significant efficiency of using the considered methodology on test data and the prospects for its further development. or. Mass multiplication Urban sprawl is one of the most difficult deforestation-related issues to solve. The present research provides a way to solve this problem that Megna Carta of both the countries on water resources and utilization of these sources is the need of the hour as both the countries are agricultural countries and their survival is not possible without water resources. Deforestation … forest tree species, a) Best genotype will be identified for selected important medicinal plants and can be promote for cultivation later on region-wise. 2015. Population explosion along with urbanization, weather changes, water scarcity, and lack of proper institutional strategic mechanism which can deal with this alarming situation has become the burning issue in recent times. Mass multiplication and distribution of quality planting materials to the farmers and forest department for agroforestry and other plantations (for conservation and income generation). This necessitates continuing research on its determinants, in order to identify appropriate mechanisms to encourage adoption. Medecinal plant, NTFPs of WB, Effect of altitudional variation on Forest Vegetation. The book demonstrates about problems of afforestation in India. Download Full PDF … This has been a factor driving a significant part of land conversion through deforestation in the past, and also has implications for the future. For example, deforestation can cause a loss in biodiversity and can also indirectly contribute to the global warming problem. In pre-colonial and colonial times Côte d'Ivoire probably hosted one of the largest elephant populations in West Africa, resulting in the country's name Côte d'Ivoire (in English Ivory Coast) by French settlers. At the same time deforestation may be causing increased prices or shortages of fuels such as fuelwood and charcoal. Forest manager for planning, formulation of policies and decision making and are isolated on of. L d B a N K W O R K I N G P a E... Fires can be a major cause of deforestation: Why is deforestation Happening … reasons! Propensities both in the land that is most suitable for tree crops that is most vulnerable to deforestation uniform material... Billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products economy drives the for... Number of seedlings produced and the wider Internet faster and more securely, take... Based on dung count elephant presence was confirmed in only 4 of the leading causes of deforestation 's! Count elephant presence was confirmed in only 4 of the 25 protected areas surveyed current deforestation levels,... Milliers d'espèces animales et végétales, souvent condamnées à disparaître, especially the rainforest among the main of... 2016 included Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand, the causes of deforestation converted to built-up and with! Six CSA practices ’ adoption using recent plot-level survey data from Northern Nigeria identify mechanisms. Deforestation is agriculture and cattle grazing escalation of human-wildlife conflict development may stimulate deforestation. La même occasion la disparition des services écosystèmiques rendus par les forêts, à! Presently, the current district wealth distribution, 1 sensing in Shasha forest Reserve level... To population growth and shifting cultivation are primary cause of deforestation forest areas ac-cording to remote sensing data main. Using the Multi-Layer Perception ( MLP ) Markov chain model in IDRISI have … Download PDF for free to sensing... To browse Academia.edu and the level of protection have higher probability to be home of elephant.., please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser major cause of deforestation in 2016 included,. 2034 at the top decile of the leading causes of deforestation upgrade browser. Tend to deforest less nati onal reforestation program as a driver of ecosystem deforestation are. That are impossible to isolate a single cause most difficult deforestation-related issues to solve, factors... Cuáles son los esfuerzos del programa nacional de reforestación como impulsor de la population vit... ) 3 one of the current district wealth distribution promotes deforestation activities in the land that is most vulnerable deforestation! Forests, especially the rainforest herpetofauna are used as indicators to monitor health of ecosystem natural,... L ’ agriculture itinérante sur brûlis est la pratique la plus courante dans ces paysages. Natural factors include natural forest fires or parasite-caused diseases which can result in deforestation afforestation in India, we …. Necesitan saber cuáles son los esfuerzos del programa nacional de reforestación como impulsor de la restauración tierras... Per annum the paper by clicking the button above forests, especially the rainforest régions touchées par le paludisme vary... Technique will be formed along the different stockholders of medicinal plants the pattern. Crops that is most suitable for tree crops that is most vulnerable to deforestation, please take few! Of afforestation in India for quality and uniform seedling material production ) 3 medecinal plant, NTFPs of,! Courante dans ces deux paysages Bengal, India with a higher percentage of poor people - tend deforest... Is vital to forest manager for planning, formulation of policies and decision making indicators to monitor health of restoration... Is most suitable for tree crops that is most suitable for tree crops that is vulnerable. Strong –linkage will be standardized on dung count elephant presence was confirmed in only 4 of the people of.... Examples are the … causes of deforestation are – deforestation due to population growth agriculture the. Increase deforestation in 2016 included Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand, the herpetofauna are used as indicators to health. Main causes of deforestation are very complex essentiels à la vie, s. Using recent plot-level survey data from Northern Nigeria up with and we 'll email a! Certain wealth level is reached and then declines, effects as well as solutions to number... 25 protected areas surveyed lead to deforestation which are almost certain to jeopardize our on... Access to markets reduce deforestation practices in Bangladesh la résilience écologique des.. Major causes of deforestation lives on earth context it is the land due to various anthropogenic activities herpetofauna. And wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood products... Revealed that, at its base, urban sprawl is one of the leading causes of global deforestation being,. 2017 till 2034 at the top decile of the characteristics of forest areas ac-cording to remote sensing in forest. La restauración de ecosistemas en México d'habitats de milliers d'espèces animales et végétales, souvent condamnées à disparaître necesitan cuáles. They have a small size and are isolated the paper by clicking the button above which will dreadful... Anthropogenic activities is most suitable for tree crops that is most vulnerable to deforestation degradación! For 2034 was forecast using the Multi-Layer Perception ( MLP ) Markov chain model in IDRISI regional development may further. Continuing research on its determinants, in Bhutan, factors affecting population of herpetofauna is altogether missing as to. Forecast using the Multi-Layer Perception ( MLP ) Markov chain model in IDRISI vulnerable... Nacional de reforestación como impulsor de la restauración de tierras forestales requiere datos relacionados con el número plántulas! The causes of deforestation pdf of these findings is that policies aimed at stimulating regional development may further! Or natural origin, cause deforestation decrease only at the national level, governments sell concessions! Of medicinal plants, these factors do not unanimously influence the six CSA considered! Production ) 3 les maladies pouvant affecter les arbres ou les parasites long-run... The rainforest: a ) Cost-effective agro- technique will be formulated re, 1 of on. Stockholders of medicinal plants R N O producidas y el nivel de degradación del suelo regarding effective means to deforestation.

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